# SAGE

## (RuSsian American Gallium Experiment)

Other Web pages: INSPIRE

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## References

#### 1 - Solar Neutrinos

[1-1]
Measurement of the solar neutrino capture rate with Gallium metal, Part III, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Phys. Rev. C80 (2009) 015807, arXiv:0901.2200.
[Abdurashitov:2009tn]
[1-2]
The SAGE@LNGS experiment: Measurement of solar neutrinos at LNGS using gallium from SAGE, J. N. Abdurashitov et al., Astropart. Phys. 25 (2006) 349-354, arXiv:nucl-ex/0509031.
[Abdurashitov:2005ax]
[1-3]
Measurement of the Solar Neutrino Capture Rate by the Russian-American Gallium Solar Neutrino Experiment During One Half of the 22-Year Cycle of Solar Activity, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 95 (2002) 181-193, arXiv:astro-ph/0204245.
From the abstract: Combined analysis of the data of 92 runs during the 12-year period January 1990 through December 2001 gives a capture rate of solar neutrinos with energy more than 233 keV of 70.8 +5.3/-5.2 (stat.) +3.7/-3.2 (syst.) SNU. This represents only slightly more than half of the predicted standard solar model rate of 130 SNU.... Using a simple analysis of the SAGE results combined with those from all other solar neutrino experiments, we estimate the electron neutrino pp flux that reaches the Earth to be (4.6 ± 1.1) × 1010 cm-2 s-1. Assuming that neutrinos oscillate to active flavors the pp neutrino flux emitted in the solar fusion reaction is approximately (7.7 ± 1.8) × 1010 cm-2 s-1, in agreement with the standard solar model calculation of (5.95 ± 0.06) × 1010 cm-2 s-1.
[Abdurashitov:2002nt]
[1-4]
Measurement of the solar neutrino capture rate by SAGE and implications for neutrino oscillations in vacuum, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (1999) 4686-4689, arXiv:astro-ph/9907131.
[Abdurashitov:1999bv]
[1-5]
Measurement of the solar neutrino capture rate with gallium metal, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Phys. Rev. C60 (1999) 055801, arXiv:astro-ph/9907113.
[Abdurashitov:1999zd]
[1-6]
Results from SAGE, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Phys. Lett. B328 (1994) 234-248.
[Abdurashitov:1994bc]
[1-7]
Search for neutrinos from sun using the reaction ${}^{71}\mathrm{Ga}(\nu_e,e^-){}^{71}\mathrm{Ge}$, A. I. Abazov et al. (SAGE), Phys. Rev. Lett. 67 (1991) 3332-3335.
[Abazov:1991rx]

#### 2 - Radioactive Source Experiments

[2-1]
BEST sensitivity to O(1) eV sterile neutrino, Vladislav Barinov, Vladimir Gavrin, Dmitry Gorbunov, Tatiana Ibragimova, Phys. Rev. D93 (2016) 073002, arXiv:1602.03826.
[Barinov:2016znv]
[2-2]
Gallium experiments with artificial neutrino sources as a tool for investigation of transition to sterile states, V. N. Gavrin, V. V. Gorbachev, E. P. Veretenkin, B. T. Cleveland, arXiv:1006.2103, 2010.
[Gavrin:2010qj]
[2-3]
Design of a neutrino source based on Ar-37 isotope and technology of its production, V. I. Barsanov et al., Instrum. Exp. Tech. 49 (2006) 449-453.
[Barsanov:2006rt]
[2-4]
Measurement of the response of a Ga solar neutrino experiment to neutrinos from an Ar-37 source, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Phys. Rev. C73 (2006) 045805, arXiv:nucl-ex/0512041.
From the abstract: The measured production rate was $11.0 {}^{+1.0}_{-0.9} \text{(stat)} \pm 0.6 \text{(syst)}$ atoms of 71Ge/d, which is $0.79 {}^{+0.09}_{-0.10}$ of the theoretically calculated production rate.
[Abdurashitov:2005tb]
[2-5]
Measurement of the response of the Russian-American gallium experiment to neutrinos from a Cr-51 source, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Phys. Rev. C59 (1999) 2246-2263, arXiv:hep-ph/9803418.
From the abstract: The ratio of the measured rate of production of 71Ge to the rate anticipated from the source activity was $0.95 {}^{+0.11}_{-0.10} \text{(stat)} {}^{+0.06}_{-0.05} \text{(syst)} {}^{+0.035}_{-0.027} \text{(theory)}$.
[Abdurashitov:1998ne]
[2-6]
The Russian-American gallium experiment (SAGE) Cr neutrino source measurement, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 (1996) 4708-4711.
[Abdurashitov:1996dp]

#### 3 - Radioactive Source Experiments - Conference Proceedings

[3-1]
Current status of new SAGE project with $^{51}$Cr neutrino source, V. Gavrin et al., Phys. Part. Nucl. 46 (2015) 131-137. International Workshop on Prospects of Particle Physics: Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics.
[Gavrin:2015aca]

#### 4 - Detector

[4-1]
A technology and facility for extraction, purification, and collection of Ar-37 from calcium oxide, V. I. Barsanov et al., Instrum. Exp. Tech. 49 (2006) 454-460.
[Barsanov:2006ru]

#### 5 - Conference Proceedings

[5-1]
Measurement of the SAGE Response to Neutrinos from Ar37 Source, V.N. Gavrin (SAGE), 2005. XI International Workshop on Neutrino Telescopes, February 22-25, 2005, Venice, Italy. http://www.pd.infn.it/~laveder/unbound/talks/exp/sage/VE05-Gavrin.pdf.
Comment: The ratio of the production rate (measured/predicted) is $0.79 +0.09 -0.10$.
[Gavrin:Venice2005]
[5-2]
Measurements of the Solar Neutrino Capture Rate by SAGE, V. Gavrin (SAGE), 2002. XXth International Conference on Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics May 25 - 30, 2002, Munich, Germany. http://neutrino2002.ph.tum.de/pages/transparencies/gavrin.
[Gavrin-talk:2002a]
[5-3]
Solar neutrino results from SAGE, V. N. Gavrin (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 91 (2001) 36-43.
[Gavrin:2001sz]
[5-4]
Solar neutrino results from SAGE, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Phys. Atom. Nucl. 63 (2000) 943-950.
[Abdurashitov:2000va]
[5-5]
Track restore technique (RST) applied to analysis of waveform of voltage pulse in SAGE proportional counters, J. N. Abdurashitov, T. V. Ibragimova, A. V. Kalikhov (SAGE), arXiv:physics/9908023, 1999.
[Abdurashitov:1999mu]
[5-6]
Solar neutrino results from SAGE, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 77 (1999) 20-25.
[Abdurashitov:1999cw]
[5-7]
Results from SAGE, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), 1999. In 'Cape Town 1999, Weak interactions and neutrinos' 217- 221.
[Abdurashitov:1999xi]
[5-8]
Preliminary results from the Russian-American Gallium Experiment Cr-neutrino source measurement, S. R. Elliott et al. (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 48 (1996) 370-374.
[Elliott:1996wc]
[5-9]
Results from SAGE, D. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 48 (1996) 299-303.
[Abdurashitov:1996wi]
[5-10]
Solar neutrino and Cr-51 results from SAGE, V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), 1996. 17th International Conference on Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics (Neutrino 96), Helsinki, Finland, 13-20 June 1996.
[Gavrin:1996ge]
[5-11]
Results from SAGE II, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 38 (1995) 60-67.
[Abdurashitov:1995uu]
[5-12]
The Russian-American Gallium solar neutrino Experiment, S. R. Elliott et al. (SAGE), 1995. Prepared for 30th Rencontres de Moriond: Euroconferences: Clustering in the Universe, Les Arcs, Savoie, France, 11-18 Mar 1995.
[Elliott:1995cu]
[5-13]
First results from SAGE II, J. N. Abdurashitov et al. (SAGE), AIP Conf.Proc. 338 (1995) 866-873. In 'St. Petersburg 1994, Intersections between particle and nuclear physics' 866-873.
[Abdurashitov:1994yi]
[5-14]
Present status of SAGE, V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), 1993. In 'Baksan 1993, Proceedings, Particles and cosmology' 23- 32.
[Gavrin:1993yp]
[5-15]
Present status of SAGE, T. J. Bowles (SAGE), 1993. Given at 28th Rencontres de Moriond: Perspectives in Neutrinos, Atomic Physics and Gravitation, Villars sur Ollon, Switzerland, 30 Jan - 6 Feb 1993.
[Bowles:1993dw]
[5-16]
Recent results from the Soviet-American Gallium Experiment, V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), AIP Conf.Proc. 272 (1993) 1101-1110. Prepared for Particles and Fields 92: 7th Meeting of the Division of Particles Fields of the APS (DPF 92), Batavia, IL, 10-14 Nov 1992.
[Gavrin:1992dh]
[5-17]
SAGE: The Soviet-American GALLIUM solar neutrino experiment, V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 28A (1992) 75-81.
[Gavrin:1992if]
[5-18]
New astronomy from GALLEX and SAGE?, D. Gough, Phys. World 5N7 (1992) 21-22.
[Gough:1992dx]
[5-19]
SAGE: The Soviet-American gallium solar neutrino experiment, V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 28A (1992) 75-81.
[Gavrin:1992ed]
[5-20]
Results from the Soviet-American gallium experiment, T. J. Bowles et al. (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 31 (1992) 111-116.
[Bowles:1992ge]
[5-21]
Status of the Soviet-American Gallium Experiment, A. I. Abazov et al. (SAGE), AIP Conf. Proc. 243 (1992) 1116-1121.
[Abazov:1992nn]
[5-22]
Calorimetric measurements of an artificial neutrino source activity on the basis of the radionuclide Cr-51 in an engineering test run of the calibration experiment on the Baksan gallium germanium neutrino telescope, I. N. Belousov et al. (SAGE), 1991. In 'Baksan Valley 1991, Proceedings, Particles and cosmology' 59-65.
[Belousov:1991ee]
[5-23]
Search for neutrinos from the sun with the reaction Ga- 71(nu/e,e-)Ge-71 by the Soviet-American Gallium Experiment (SAGE), A. I. Abazov et al. (SAGE), 1991. Prepared for International Workshop on Neutrino Telescopes, 3rd, Venice, Italy, 26-28 Feb 1991.
[Abazov:1991en]
[5-24]
SAGE: The Soviet-American Gallium solar neutrino Experiment, S. Elliott (SAGE), 1991. Prepared for Particles and Fields 91: Meeting of the Division of Particles and Fields of the APS, Vancouver, Canada, 18-22 Aug 1991.
[Elliott:1991gp]
[5-25]
First measurement of the integral solar neutrino flux by the Soviet-American Gallium experiment (SAGE), V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), 1991. Given at 11th Moriond Workshop: Tests of Fundamental Laws in Physics, Les Arcs, France, 26 Jan - 2 Feb 1991.
[Gavrin:1991ig]
[5-26]
The Status of the Soviet-American gallium neutrino experiment, A. I. Abazov et al. (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 13 (1990) 356-358.
[Abazov:1990uv]
[5-27]
The Baksan gallium solar neutrino experiment, V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 16 (1990) 483-484.
[Gavrin:1990ce]
[5-28]
First measurement of the integral solar neutrino flux by the Soviet-American Gallium Experiment (SAGE), V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), 1990. In 'Singapore 1990, Proceedings, High energy physics, vol. 1' 693-697. (see HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS INDEX 29 (1991) No. 16477).
[Gavrin:1990wy]
[5-29]
The Soviet-American gallium solar neutrino experiment: A Status report, V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), 1990. In 'Adelaide 1990, Proceedings, Cosmic ray, vol. 7' 179- 182.
[Gavrin:1990fe]
[5-30]
The Soviet-American gallium experiment at Baksan: A Status report, A. I. Abazov et al. (SAGE), 1990. In 'Bratislava 1990, Proceedings, Rare nuclear processes' 45-51.
[Abazov:1990mz]
[5-31]
The Soviet-American gallium experiment at Baksan: A Status report, A. I. Abazov et al. (SAGE), 1990. In 'Houston 1990, Proceedings, Rice Meeting, vol. 2' 719- 725.
[Abazov:1990nu]
[5-32]
Measurement of solar proton proton fusion neutrinos with a Soviet-American Gallium Experiment at Baksan: A Status report, J. F. Wilkerson et al. (SAGE), 1990. In 'Les Arcs 1990, Proceedings, New and exotic phenomena '90' 581-590.
[Wilkerson:1990bv]
[5-33]
First measurement of the integral solar neutrino flux by the Soviet/American Gallium Experiment, V. N. Gavrin (SAGE), 1990. Prepared for 15th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics and 4th ESO-CERN Symposium, Brighton, England, 16-21 Dec 1990.
[Gavrin:1990mi]
[5-34]
Soviet - American gallium- germanium experiment on solar neutrino recording, A. I. Abazov et al. (SAGE), Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci. Phys. 53 (1989) NO.2148.
[Abazov:1989nk]
[5-35]
The Soviet American Gallium Experiment (SAGE), J. F. Wilkerson et al. (SAGE), 1989. Prepared for 23rd Yamada Conference: Nuclear Weak Processes and Nuclear Structure, Osaka, Japan, 12-15 June 1989.
[Wilkerson:1988dj]
[5-36]
The Baksan neutrino observatory Soviet-American gallium neutrino experiment, V. N. Gavrin et al. (SAGE), 1988. In 'Boston 1988, Proceedings, Neutrino physics and astrophysics' 317-330.
[Gavrin:1988fv]
[5-37]
Pilot installation of the Gallium - Germanium solar neutrino telescope, I. R. Barabanov et al. (SAGE), 1984. In 'Lead 1984, Proceedings, Solar neutrinos and neutrino astronomy' 175-184. (see Conference Index).
[Barabanov:1984sb]

#### 6 - Slides

[6-1]
Current status of SAGE new project with 51Cr neutrino source, V. Gavrin, 2014. PPP 2014, 26 January - 2 Ferbuary 2014, Valday, Russia. http://www.inr.ac.ru/~school/talks/Gavrin.ppt.
[Gavrin-PPP2014]

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Authors:
Stefano Gariazzo / gariazzo@to.infn.it
Carlo Giunti / giunti@to.infn.it
Marco Laveder / marco.laveder@pd.infn.it
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